Equalization Tank plays a crucial role in maintaining the efficiency and effectiveness of the entire sewage wastewater treatment process. But what exactly is an equalization tank, and why is it so important? Let's find out.
Before we delve into the details, let's understand the basics. Sewage / Effluent treatment plants are responsible for treating and cleaning wastewater from our homes, businesses, and industries. The process involves multiple stages, each designed to remove pollutants and ensure that the water released back into the environment meets strict quality standards or is fit for reusing in process.
As wastewater enters the treatment plant, it undergoes primary treatment, where large solids and debris are removed. Then comes the secondary treatment, where microorganisms break down organic matter and reduce the pollutant levels further. But here's the catch: the flow of wastewater can vary significantly throughout the day.
During peak hours, such as early morning and evening, the influx of wastewater is much higher. Conversely, during low-demand periods, like late at night, the flow decreases significantly. This fluctuation can disturb the treatment process, leading to inefficiencies and potential untreated discharge of effluent.
This is where the equalization tank comes into play. Acting as a buffer, the equalization tank balances and equalizes the flow of wastewater, compensating for the variations in volume and strength.
However, the equalization tank doesn't just store wastewater. It also incorporates coarse bubble diffusers, which play a crucial role in the treatment process. But what exactly are coarse bubble diffusers, and why are they necessary?
Coarse bubble diffusers are specially designed devices that release large air bubbles into the equalization tank. These bubbles serve a dual purpose—agitating the wastewater and increasing the oxygen transfer efficiency.
When the diffusers release air, the bubbles rise to the surface of the wastewater, creating vigorous agitation. This agitation helps to break up any settled solids, prevent their accumulation, and maintain a uniform suspension throughout the tank.
The uniform suspension of solids ensures that the wastewater remains homogenous, which is vital for effective treatment and prevents any potential issues downstream in the process.
As the air bubbles rise through the wastewater, they transfer oxygen from the atmosphere into the liquid. This oxygen is essential for the growth and activity of beneficial microorganisms responsible for breaking down organic matter during treatment.
By introducing oxygen into the equalization tank, coarse bubble diffusers promote the proliferation of these microorganisms, enhancing their metabolic activity and enabling them to degrade pollutants more efficiently.
The coarse bubble diffusers in the equalization tank are not just there for decoration. They play a vital role in maintaining the treatment process's efficiency and ensuring the removal of pollutants from wastewater.